Milestone 8 Requirements

Web Only

This textbook was authored for the CIS 400 - Object-Oriented Design, Implementation, and Testing course at Kansas State University. This section describes assignments specific to the Spring 2023 offering of that course. Prior semester offerings can be found here. If you are not enrolled in the course, please disregard this section.

General requirements:

  • You will need to follow the style laid out in the C# Coding Conventions

  • You will need to comment your code using XML comments

  • You will need to update your UML to reflect your current code

  • You will need to write appropriate unit tests for your code

Assignment requirements:

  • Add the RoundRegister.dll (found in the Canvas module) as a dependency to your project

  • Implement the functionality for the “Complete Order” and “Cancel Order” buttons.

  • Process the payment providing options for credit, debit, or cash using the provided RoundRegister classes.

  • Implement a GUI to support the cashier in collecting a customer’s cash payment and making the correct change.

  • Print the receipt using the provided RoundRegister class.

  • Update your UML Class Diagrams for:

    • Data Library
    • Point of Sale

(You don’t need to create a UML of your test project, though you can if you like)


This assignment is to simulate working with an outside DotNET library - in this case a library for communicating with a cash register, card reader, and receipt printer.

In addition, this assignment will require you to implement the Model-View-ViewModel architecture and create custom controls with dependency properties.

Assignment Details

Canceling the Order

The “Cancel Order” button should be available somewhere in the GUI at every step of taking the order.

Clicking this button should dispose of the current order and start a new one. This is most easily accomplished by replacing the Order object bound to the DataContext of your top-level order control with a new Order instance. If your databinding is set up correctly, this will empty the displayed order, zero the displayed subtotal, tax, and total, and a new order number will be displayed.

Completing the Order

The “Complete Order” button should also be available somewhere in the GUI at every step of taking the order. Clicking it should display the payment options screen.

Payment Options Screen

The three payment options should be prominently displayed using appropriate controls. These options are “Cash” and “Credit/Debit”. In addition, the order details should continue to be visible, in case the customer wants to confirm any details. There should also be a “Return to Order” button that returns to the active order to allow for additional changes to be made.

Choosing the “Credit/Debit” option should invoke the CardReader.RunCard() method defined in RoundRegister.dll with the amount of the transaction. This will return one of five options (also defined in RoundRegister.dll’s RoundRegister namespace):

  • CardTransactionResult.Approved
  • CardTransactionResult.Declined
  • CardTransactionResult.ReadError
  • CardTransactionResult.InsufficientFunds
  • CardTransactionResult.IncorrectPin

If the result is CardTransactionResult.Approved, the order receipt should print. Then a new order should begin (see the details on Canceling the Order above for details).

Choosing the “Cash” option should display a special GUI for taking a cash payment from the customer, as detailed in the Cash Payment Processing below.

Cash Payment Processing

The Round Register includes a cash drawer which initially contains a set amount of bills and coins. The static CashDrawer class in the RoundRegister.dll represents this drawer, and keeps track of each of the number of each kind of currency it contains. As customer payments are taken, and change given, the drawer’s values need to be updated to reflect the changing amounts of currency.

Unfortunately, the developers of Round Payments, Inc. did not provide a class that will integrate with a WPF form easily. You will therefore need to create an intermediary class to update the RoundRegister.CashDrawer and serve as the DataContext for your cash payment control. This intermediary class will need to provide properties for the GUI to bind. These properties need to include:

  1. Properties to represent the quantity of each kind of currency in the drawer
  2. Properties to represent the quantity of each kind of currency the customer is using to pay
  3. Properties to represent the quantity of each kind of currency that should be provided to the customer as change for the transaction.

This intermediate class also needs to incorporate the logic for making appropriate change. Hint: Always start with the largest currency possible, and make use of the modulus operator or Math.Floor().

Finally, you need to provide a method for finalizing the transaction which invokes the CashDrawer.Open() method, adds the quantity of currency the customer paid to the CashDrawer’s fields, and deducts the quantity given as change.

If you set up this intermediate control correctly, your codebehind for the cash payment control should be minimal - you will need to bind the intermediate class as the DataContext, and all your controls should be set up as bindings.

Thus, the RoundRegister.CashDrawer is the Model, your intermediary class is the ModelView, and the custom WPF user control is the View of the MVVM architectural pattern.

A possible configuration for the cash payment control might be:

Cash Payment Control Mockup

Note that this kind of control could be composed of other custom controls, i.e. a CurrencyControl that exposes a Label, CustomerQuantity, ChangeQuantity dependency properties and looks something like:

Currency Control Mockup

While the exact appearance and functionality of the GUI is up to you, it should provide a “Return to Order” button (this can alternatively be labeled as “Select Items” or something similar) which returns to the order to allow changes to be made, as well as a “Finalize Sale” which should invoke the method you defined in your intermediate class for finalizing the sale. Once this has finished, you should print the receipt and begin a new order (see the details on Canceling the Order above for details).


You may optionally use a more common subset of currency denominations in your View and ViewModel consisting of: Pennies, Nickels, Dimes, Quarters, Ones, Fives, Tens, and Twenties.

Printing the Receipt

The RoundRegister.dll contains a ReceiptPrinter class that exposes two methods:

  • PrintLine(string text) prints a single line of text onto the receipt tape.
  • CutTape() cuts the register tape, so the printed receipt can be removed.

You should add to your PointOfSale project a method or class that manages printing a receipt based on an order and payment method. The printed receipt must contain:

  • The order number
  • The date and time the order was finalized
  • A complete list of all items in the order, including their price and any customization instructions
  • The subtotal for the order
  • The tax for the order
  • The total for the order
  • The payment method (i.e. cash or card)
  • The change owed

The arrangement of these items and their labels should be such that a customer would reasonably be able to understand the entire receipt. You will need to print the receipt one line at a time with PrintLine(string text) and finish with a CutTape() call. Also, note that each line in the receipt cannot be longer than 40 characters. The PrintLine() method does not account for this hardware limitation - so you will need to ensure that no line exceeds this limit!

To make it easier for you to check your work, the printed results are saved in a file, receipts.txt, which should end up in your debug folder.

You should print a receipt for each completed sale.

Testing the Cash Payment Processing

One of the primary benefits of the MVVM architecture is it allows you to push logic that would otherwise be in the View classes into the ViewModel, and create unit tests for this ViewModel. You should write unit tests for the intermediate class that test the ability to make correct change, finalize the sale, and update properties correctly.

You may either add your tests to your existing test project and add the PointOfSale project as a dependency, or create a second test project to test classes defined in PointOfSale.


Since you will not be able to replace the CashDrawer with a mock instance, you should invoke its Reset() method at the start of each test to ensure that each test starts with the drawer in the same state.

Testing the Payment GUI

While you will be able to unit-test any ViewModel classes you have written programmatically, the GUI functionality must still be hand-tested. At this point, you will need to write a testing document. It should include a test process for:

  1. Adding items to an order
  2. Customizing the items in the order as they are added
  3. Customizing the items in the order if they are edited
  4. Removing items in the order
  5. Taking a Credit Card Payment
  6. Taking a Cash Payment
  7. Stopping taking a payment early to return to the order and adding additional items
  8. Canceling the order and starting a new one

For each of these test sequences, you should include exact details of what buttons or controls a user must interact with, and what the expected outcomes will be (hint: screenshots are your friend here). For example, if you ask the tester to click the “Flying Saucer” button, you should then have them look for the corresponding item in the Order Summary, and verify the price. Then, if you have them add a pancake, you should have them verify the price has updated.

Update Your UML Diagrams

You will need to update your UML diagrams to reflect the changes you have made to the Data and PointOfSale projects. Remember to mark the associations between your Order and its various IMenuItem instances.

Submitting the Assignment

Once your project is complete, merge your feature branch back into the main branch and create a release tagged v0.8.0 with name "Milestone 8". Copy the URL for the release page and submit it to the Canvas assignment.

Grading Rubric

The grading rubric for this assignment will be:

15% Structure Did you implement the structure as laid out in the specification? Are the correct names used for classes, enums, properties, methods, events, etc? Do classes inherit from expected base classes?

15% Documentation Does every class, method, property, and field use the correct XML-style documentation? Does every XML comment tag contain explanatory text?

15% Design Are you appropriately using C# to create reasonably efficient, secure, and usable software? Does your code contain bugs that will cause issues at runtime?

15% UML Diagrams Does your UML diagram reflect the code actually in your release? Are all classes, enums, etc. included? Are associations correctly identified?

20% Functionality Does the program do what the assignment asks? Do properties return the expected values? Do methods perform the expected actions?

20% Testing Do you have unit tests for all classes? Do your unit tests cover all the functionality of those classes? Do you have a written test plan for your GUI? Do you have a record of employing the test plan in your release?


Projects that do not compile will receive an automatic grade of 0.