A next step in the evolution of single-page apps is the progressive web application (PWA). While these are web applications, they also provide a native-like feel when running in a phone or tablet, and can usually have a shortcut saved to the desktop. It is built around several new web standards that provide specific functionality:
A PWA is always served with https. Also, many features that a PWA might want to use (geolocation, the camera) are only available to a site served over http.
The manifest is a JSON file that describes the application (much like the Node package.json) that provides the details necessary to load the app and “install” it on mobile devices. Note that installing essentially means running a locally cached copy of the website.